3 edition of Stimulus generalization as a function of distance and sequence. found in the catalog.
Stimulus generalization as a function of distance and sequence.
Harold Gordon Hunter
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||v, 37 leaves.|
|Number of Pages||37|
Generalization can account for cue-interaction effects because it predicts that a compound stimulus (e.g., AB) can activate the representations of elements of that compound stimulus (e.g., A). For example, blocking occurs when presentation of the AB compound stimulus activates the previously reinforced single-element configuration (A). Stimulus Generalization as a Function of Stimulus Novelty and Familiarity in Rats Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Experimental Psychology Animal Behavior Processes 16(2) May
The focus on classes means stimulus and response generalization occur naturally and are highly adaptive learning mechanisms. Sometimes, though, we may need to explicitly teach them. In a recent video, May Beabrun, a Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA) at Brett DiNovi and Associates, provided an introduction to generalization and teaching. Stimulus Generalization Hardcover – July 1, by Mostofsky (Author) See all 3 formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Price New from Used from Hardcover "Please retry" $ $ $ Hardcover, July 1, $ Author: Mostofsky.
Nominal Stimulus. A discriminative stimulus may have many identifiable attributes. Although we can readily observe the organism's response to the whole stimulus, it may not be clear exactly which attributes of the stimulus are controlling the behavior (see functional stimulus).The unanalyzed stimulus as a whole is said to be the nominal stimulus.. For example, your friend asks you to look at a. Stimulus generalization is the tendency of a new stimulus to evoke responses or behaviors similar to those elicited by another stimulus. For example, Ivan Pavlov conditioned dogs to salivate using the sound of a bell and food powder.
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Warren W. Tryon, in Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychotherapy, Generalization. Whereas discrimination entails discerning differences, generalization entails glossing over differences.
‘ Stimulus generalization occurs when behavior becomes more probable in the presence of one stimulus or situation as a result of having been reinforced in the presence of another stimulus or situation. Stimulus Generalization and Operant Conditioning Potty training is a good example of stimulus generalization in operant conditioning.
When a child is learning to use the toilet, rewards are often. Is the effect of conditioning which removes the discrimination between two stimuli and responsible for evoking the same responding is not able to discriminate from that seen in the presence of the original stimulus, generalization is said to be finished.
Stimulus generalization is the tendency of a subject to respond to a stimulus or a group of stimuli similar but not identical to the original CS. For example, a subject may initially make the desired response when exposed to any sound (that is, to a generalized stimulus) rather than making such a.
Stimulus generalization basically evokes a similar response by a conditioned stimulus, after a response has been conditioned. For example, if a child has been conditioned to fear a rat, it will show signs of fear to all or any objects that resembles the conditioned stimulus which is a.
Learn Stimulus Generalization with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of Stimulus Generalization flashcards on Quizlet. Stimulus Generalization. Category People & Blogs; Show more Show less. Loading Autoplay When autoplay is enabled, a suggested video will automatically play next.
Up next. HEARST E, KORESKO MB, POPPEN R. STIMULUS GENERALIZATION AND THE RESPONSE-REINFORCEMENT CONTINGENCY. J Exp Anal Behav. Sep; – [PMC free article] HISS RH, THOMAS DR. Stimulus generalization as a function of testing procedure and response measure.
J Exp Psychol. Jun; –Cited by: Stimulus Generalization. Stimulus Generalization is when an organism responds to a new stimulus in the same way as a previously encountered stimulus, based on similarity of the stimuli and the organism’s history of reinforcement with the previous stimulus.
Classical conditioning occurs when a conditioned stimulus (CS) is paired with an unconditioned stimulus (US). Usually, the conditioned stimulus is a neutral stimulus (e.g., the sound of a tuning fork), the unconditioned stimulus is biologically potent (e.g., the taste of food) and the unconditioned response (UR) to the unconditioned stimulus is.
*occurs when you use a stimulus along the same dimension as the SD and as an S∆ during generalization tests following discrimination training, a phenomenon in which the point of maximum responding is displaced to one side of the SD in a direction away from the S∆.
Stimulus generalization or primary generalization is the tendency for stimuli similar to an original stimulus in a learning paradigm to produce a response approximating that learnt under the original condition.
A generalization gradient can be drawn up showing that the more similar the stimuli the more similar the responses. Example Edit. This phenomenon is illustrated by the fact that we. Thomas DR, Ost J, Thomas D. Stimulus Generalization as a Function of the Time between Training and Testing Procedures.
J Exp Anal Behav. Jan; 3 (1):9– [PMC free article] THOMAS DR. The effects of drive and discrimination training on stimulus generalization. J Exp Psychol. Jul; – THOMAS DR, LOPEZ by: Stimulus Generalization.
For example, a subject may initially make the desired response when exposed to any sound (that is, to a generalized stimulus) rather than making such a response only to a specific sound. Such generalization can occur in both classical and operant conditioning (if a CS is used).4/5(2).
Generalization refers to the spread of effects (perhaps from a treatment, or intervention). Stimulus generalization occurs when the same response occurs but under a different, setting, condition. Book: All Authors / Contributors: David I Mostofsky.
Find more information about: ISBN: OCLC Number: Notes: Articles from papers presented at the Conference on stimulus generalization held at Boston University, June Description: viii, pages illustrations: Other Titles: Conference on stimulus.
Stimulus Control and Generalization. class was an inverse function of the nodal distance. differential probabilities of stimulus equivalence outcome as a function of training structure.
Author: Carol Pilgrim. Each of 16 colors is displayed on the key in a random fashion. The response emitted by the pigeon in the presence of each wavelength is counted and plotted.
The resulting curve is known as the stimulus generalization gradient. In stimulus generalization stimuli similar. What is the function of stimulus. Wiki User it is an involuntary nervous action which brings awareness to. carry out action to meet the body requirement.
Related Questions. Spread the loveStimulus generalization occurs when a previously unassociated or new stimulus that has similar characteristics to the previously associated stimulus elicits a response that is the same or similar to the previously associated response.
In short, similar stimuli trigger similar responses when stimulus generalization is at work. Management (MBA) questions, assignments on Stimulus. A stimulus generalization is when the stimulus can be generalized to a similar stimulus and still gain the same response. A stimulus discrimination is when the participant can discriminate between stimulus ad therefore weaken the effect of the stimulus on the required response.5/5(2).The more alike two stimuli are, the more likely stimulus generalization will occur.
Answer and Explanation: Say a person or animal learns to emit a behavior to a specific environmental stimulus.Define stimulus generalization. stimulus generalization synonyms, stimulus generalization pronunciation, stimulus generalization translation, English dictionary definition of stimulus generalization.
Stimulus discrimination and stimulus generalization. Stimulus discrimination occurs when a restricted set of stimuli exclusively controls or.